How to paint with watercolors: a guide for beginners

To begin painting with watercolor you need some basic supplies to help you master the technique.

Basic supplies to paint with watercolors

Before you jump into painting with watercolors, you need the right supplies. It might seem obvious to mention that you need brushes, paper, and, of course, paints, but for this particular type of paint you need a particular set of tools. These are the essential tools to begin painting with watercolors:

  • Paper: common drawing paper won’t absorb water and will probably warp under it. Watercolor paper has a weight of 140lb/300g (thicker than the usual drawing sheets). Watercolor paper is easy to recognize because it has cotton intertwined in its fibers and it has a texture of bumps known as “teeth”. The more the paper has, the more absorbent it is. But of course, this gives it an extra texture: the paper can be cold or hot pressed to offer little to no texture and a “sharper” result in the drawing.
  • Paints: watercolor paints can be found in tubes and in pans. You don’t need every existing color because paints can be mixed to achieve different hues and shades, but it is a good idea to invest in high-quality paints even if the palette is limited. Watercolor pencils (they activate with water) are also available in the market.
Watercolor paints have a distinctive characteristic: understanding how the pigment interacts with water is essential to working with them.

Understanding watercolor paints for beginners

Watercolors are also known as aquarelle, and it is clear to the eye that this type of paint is directly related to one thing: water. And this word tells us a lot about how this type of paint works.

Practice makes perfect: there are different techniques and exercises to master painting with watercolors.

5 watercolor techniques to start painting

If you want to begin painting with watercolor there are several techniques that can help you exercise this skill and achieve different results in your paints. These are 5 watercolor painting techniques all beginners should try:

  • Layering: this technique consists in building up color starting with a dry surface. First, draw a line with a wet brush with almost no paint, then rinse and dry your brush before wetting it, and add a bit more paint to achieve a darker hue next to the lighter one you have recently painted, keep going until you reach the darkest hue of the color.
  • Gradients: similar to layering in concept, gradients by definition involve mixing two colors. Start drawing lines with each color in each extreme of your sheet and work your way through the middle using the same technique of building up colors.
  • Mixing colors: besides creating color gradients, you can mix in different watercolors and different amounts of water to achieve different colors on the canvas. You can play around with different degrees of concentration of pigments and water, as well as mixing in different colors from your palette to create new ones.
Getting inspired is essential to let your creativity flow with watercolor paints.

What to paint in watercolors

All artists, no matter how much experience they have, wonder “what should I paint?”. If you are just beginning to paint with watercolors you can look up for ideas or inspiration online: check the artwork of other creators using the same medium. Exploring a whole new medium and the techniques it requires should spark some ideas: you can experiment with it, try to adapt your usual techniques to this new type of paint or recreate certain watercolor techniques or trends. Let your imagination flow.

Create a digital room mock-up showing your progress in watercolor painting.

What to do with your watercolor paintings

If you have gone through the process and have made painting with watercolors a part of your art experimentation or skills, it is a good idea to have some type of record of your progress: what about creating a digital room mock-up exhibiting your favorite watercolor paint results?

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